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NUMERO 14 - 12/06/2024

 The European elections in Romania in the “one-year electoral marathon”. The ruling coalition and the rise of euroscepticism

The Constitution of Romania was adopted on December 8, 1991, after the demise of the Ceauşescu regime in late 1989 through a transition highly debated by academic scholars. Afterwards, the political institutions and the constitutional framework undertaken a process of reform, despite the survival of the previous Communist elites and its consequences over the political arena, notably towards the core values of constitutionalism and the rule of law. From the 1991 onwards, the primary goal of the Romanian politicians was the membership of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and of the European Union (EU). Therefore, several efforts were made for the achievement of the Copenhagen criteria, such as the adoption of several constitutional amendments in 2003; Romania became member of the EU together with Bulgaria but after the big enlargement of the other Central-Estern European countries occurred in 2004. Nevertheless, it must be highlighted that the Romanian readiness to be part of the EU was fiercely discussed, since the country was not fully equipped according to the EU standards. Hence, the EU provided for a specific oversight tool, the Cooperation and Verification Mechanism (CVM), and Romania was tasked to address the benchmarks over a more transparent, and efficient judicial process, the conflict of interests and in anticorruption policies. After the accession, Romania did not show significant progress and regarding the goal set by the CVM Decision the Commission noted several threats and setback… (continues)

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